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TRAFFICKING IN HUMAN BEINGS IN SOUTHERN COUNTRIES: FEATURES AND PREVENTIVE INTERVENTION


 

In the last few years, preventing and combating Trafficking in Human Beings has been increasingly addressed as a social and a political priority.

This phenomenon is associated with several variables and dimensions (such as material and social privation, migration and the complex networks of organized crime) which hinder its criminal, social, economic and political assessment.

The increasing awareness and research on this theme has been accompanied by the creation and implementation of policies and tools of prevention and combat at national and international levels.

However, many of the legal advances still lack of effective implementation and monitoring.
The underground and illegal nature of trafficking and exploitation, the widespread of the exploitation across different countries of origin, destination and transit and the different stages of the exploitation process (e.g. recruitment, transport, harboring, transfer) which access is complex, are some of the main obstacles in tackling this problem.

Furthermore, these structural issues along with the relationship of coercion and induced fear between exploiters and victims contribute for an inaccurate picture of the extent, scale and nature of this process.

It is well known the distinct patterns of the different forms of exploitation (sexual exploitation, labor exploitation, domestic work, mendacity, organ traffic), such as the higher prevalence of sexual exploitation and the latter increasing of the labor exploitation. However, due to the limitations in the data collection and gaps in comparable and reliable statistics, it is suggested that there is a distance between the “visible” and “invisible” part of the problem.

Within the several themes associated to THB, our approach regards the aspects related to the protection and assistance mechanisms to victims, the exploitative brokering practices and the role of the brokers and the potential of social auditing as a monitoring tool.

Given the widespread of their role in the market economy, the brokering practices and brokers (individual or agencies) may be facilitators in the THB process, even without criminal intention. Not yet deeply explored, it is important to reflect on the measures of prevention and inspection namely of the labor market in order to undermine the risks of engagement in a THB process and to increase the chances to identify the brokers with criminal intention.

More specifically, the International Scientific Congress “TRAFFICKING IN HUMAN BEINGS IN SOUTHERN COUNTRIES: FEATURES AND PREVENTIVE INTERVENTION” aims to:

  • Provide an interdisciplinary analysis of the psychosocial and legal aspects of this phenomenon, especially regarding Southern European countries;
  • Present and discuss different experiences and good practices of social intervention in this area;
  • Better comprehend the different political and legal aspects related to trafficking in human beings;
  • Analyze brokering and social auditing practices in the labor context;
  • Share and disseminate the results of ReSAurSE project.

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